Back

Distillation Units:



    Tech profile:

Improved Distillation Unit

  • IPR Status : CSIR-CIMAP Know-how
  • Application/User : For distillation of essential oils from aromatic crops like mentha, lemongrass, basil, vetiver etc.
  • Level/Scale of Development : Variable : Can be designed from 100 kg herb / batch capacity to 2.0 ton herb / batch.
  • Status of Commercialisation : CSIR-CIMAP Improved Field Distillation Units have been successfully commercialized and have been installed and transferred to several farmers/ entrepreneurs and industries throughout the country.
  • Environmental Considerations : Uses agro waste / distilled waste as fuel. Due to presence of chimney, no pollution at workplace.
  • Major Raw Materials to be Utilized : The equipment / unit is based on CSIR-CIMAP know-how, designs and specifications. The unit is fabricated as per requirement of the crops to be distilled. The unit can be made of MS / SS depending on the crop. All contact parts however are made of high grade stainless steel.
  • Major Plant Equipment and Machinery Required : Mixer with temperature control, packing and sealing machine.
  • Techno-Economics : The cost of the unit varies as per the capacity of unit, crops to be distilled, material of construction and other technical features etc.


    Salient Technical Features:

As compared to local distillation units, CSIR-CIMAP improved directly fired type field distillation units are more efficient, give higher recovery and better quality of the essentials oils. The units are built with an inbuilt calandria unit which enhances the steam generation rate thus higher oil recovery.
Salient Features:
  • Higher steam generation as more heating surface area.
  • Better oil recovery, 10-15% higher than local units.
  • Lesser time for distillation, approx 30-40 % time saving.
  • More fuel efficient, 20-30% fuel saving.
  • Less oil losses due to less vaporization and better oil separation device.
  • Utilizes agro waste / spent distillation waste as fuel.
  • No smoke in work area due to provision of chimney.
  • Better quality material of construction with all contact parts of SS.
  • Highly safe : No chances of pressure build up.


     Technology Package:

CSIR-CIMAP offers a complete technology package for setting up of improved distillation units for essential oils. The technical know-how / consultancy package includes designing, fabrication, installation and commissioning of the unit with trial runs and training to operators.

    Tech Profile:

Improved Distillation Unit

  • IPR Status : CSIR-CIMAP Know-how
  • Application/User : For distillation of high value water miscible essential oils from aromatic crops like rose, geranium, lavender, chamomile etc.
  • Level/Scale of Development : Ariable : Can be designed from 100 kg herb / batch capacity to 1000 kg herb / batch depending on the bulk density of the aromatic herb to be distilled.
  • Status of Commercialisation : CSIR-CIMAP Improved Cohobation Distillation Units have been successfully commercialized and have been installed and transferred to several farmers/ entrepreneurs and industries throughout the country.
  • Environmental Considerations : Uses agro waste / distilled waste as fuel. Due to presence of chimney, no pollution at workplace.
  • Major Raw Materials to be Utilized : The equipment / unit is based on CSIR-CIMAP know-how, designs and specifications. The unit is fabricated as per requirement of the crops to be distilled. The unit can be made of MS / SS depending on the crop. All contact parts however are made of high grade stainless steel.
  • Major Plant Equipment and Machinery Required : The unit can be installed independently within a entrepreneur / farmers field or shed.
  • Techno-Economics : The cost of the unit varies as per the capacity of unit, crops to be distilled, material of construction and other technical features etc.


     Salient Technical Features:
As compared to the directly fired type field distillation units, the CSIR-CIMAP cohobation type distillation units are more efficient and are able to distill out the water miscible components of any essential oil. Cohobation which implies recycling is carried out within the unit so as to enhance the oil recovery. These units have been designed as a standalone unit with an inbuilt packed stripping column through which the water miscible components of any oil are recovered. These units are also built with an inbuilt calandria unit which enhances the steam generation rate thus higher oil recovery and less time.
Salient Features:
  • Higher steam generation as more heating surface area.
  • Incorporated with a packed stripping column.
  • Lesser time for distillation, approx 30-40 % time saving.
  • More fuel efficient, 20-30% fuel saving.
  • Less oil losses due to less vaporization and better oil separation device.
  • Utilizes agro waste / spent distillation waste as fuel. No smoke in work area due to provision of chimney.


     Technology Package:
CSIR-CIMAP offers a complete technology package for setting up of the Cohobation type distillation units for essential oils. The technical know-how / consultancy package includes designing, fabrication, installation and commissioning of the unit with trial runs and training to operators.


    Tech Profile:

Improved Distillation Unit

  • IPR Status : CSIR-CIMAP Know-how
  • Application/User : For small scale production of rose water, distillation of aromatic crops for essential oils, spices for spice oils, water extracts of herbs etc.
  • Level/Scale of Development : Volumetric capacity : 60 lts, Herb lading capacity-> Rose flowers : 12-15 kg, Aromatic herb : 20-25 kg, powdered spices: 8-10 kg.
  • Status of Commercialisation : CIMAP Asvika Units have been successfully commercialized and more than 80 units have been sold to several farmers/ entrepreneurs and industries throughout the country.
  • Environmental Considerations : Uses agro waste / distilled waste as fuel. Due to presence of chimney, no pollution at workplace.
  • Major Raw Materials to be Utilized : Plant extracts and essential oil with mild soap base.
  • Major Plant Equipment and Machinery Required : The equipment / unit is based on CSIR-CIMAP know-how, designs and specifications. The unit is fabricated as per requirement of the crops to be distilled. The unit is made of Stainless Steel depending on the crop.
  • Techno-Economics : The techno economic feasibility of setting up the CIMAP Asvika unit will be dependent on the rose water / essential oil quality and efficient marketing of the products. The processing costs are very nominal.


     Salient Technical Features:
CIMAP Asvika units have been specially designed as a small portable mini distillation unit for small scale entrepreneurs, farmers, R & D institutes etc. The unit has been designed for producing high quality natural rose water, but can also be used efficiently for the distillation of spice oils like coriander, cumin, garlic etc and aromatic oils like mints, grasses, basil etc.
Salient Features:
  • Pure stainless steel construction with long life.
  • Efficiently designed with shell & tube condenser for proper condensation & complete oil recovery.
  • Can be operated by firewood, agro wastes, LPG / kerosene burners.
  • Highly efficient with less distillation time.
  • Fitted with SS wire mesh to prevent burnt note in product.
  • No pollution at workplace due to provision of chimney.
  • Modular construction for easy assembly at site.
  • Easy and simple in installation and operation and can be operated even by layman and women.


     Technology Package:
CSIR-CIMAP offers a complete know-how package along with the unit which includes operating instructions, methodology for rose water and essential oil production etc.

    Tech Profile:

Improved Distillation Unit

  • Application/User : For the first time ever, a “Tractor Trolley Mounted Directly Fired Type Mobile Distillation Unit” has been designed and developed by CSIR-CIMAP, Lucknow. The unit which can be attached to any tractor and can be transported directly to the farmer’s field for distillation of the aromatic crops like mentha, lemongrass, basil, vetiver etc.
  • Level/Scale of Development : Capacity of unit: 400-500 Kg / batch, semi dried.
  • Status of Commercialisation : CSIR-CIMAP Mobile Distillation unit was released for commercial exploitation in 2012. The design of the unit is available for Self help groups, NGOs, entrepreneurs and industries.
  • Environmental Considerations : Uses agro waste / distilled waste as fuel. Due to presence of chimney, no pollution at workplace.
  • Major Raw Materials to be Utilized : The equipment / unit is based on CSIR-CIMAP know-how, designs and specifications. The unit is fabricated as per requirement of the crops to be distilled. The unit is completely fabricated of stainless steel.
  • Major Plant Equipment and Machinery Required : The unit can be installed independently within a entrepreneur / farmer's field or shed.
  • Techno-Economics : The initial investment of setting up the unit will be around 7.5-8.0 lakhs. The cost of the unit varies as per the capacity of unit, crops to be distilled, material of construction and other technical features etc.


     Salient Technical Features:

  • As compared to fixed type field distillation units, the Mobile distillation unit will be highly beneficial for the farmers having less land holding or cannot afford the improved distillation units.
  • As compared to the local type units, the mobile unit is highly efficient, gives higher recovery and better quality of the essentials oils.
  • Mounted on a specially designed & fabricated heavy duty four wheel trolley and can be attached to any tractor.
  • Easily transportable to the farmers' fields which will save time & money in taking the crops to the distillation tanks.
  • Capacity: 400-500 Kg / batch (semi dried); Useful for distillation of all types of essential-oil-bearing aromatic crops including mints, lemongrass, palmarosa, citronella, basil, patchouli, vetiver etc.
  • Shall be using spent distilled biomass waste as fuel which shall minimize cost of firewood.
  • Designed with inbuilt calandria for utilizing the heat energy of the fuel gases, thus decreasing the time required for boiling and also increasing the steam generation rate, which in turn enhances the distillation efficiency & oil recovery.
  • Trolley equipped with water overhead tank, recycling reservoir and portable diesel pump for providing water for distillation & condenser unit. Suitable for water scarcity areas.
  • Efficiently designed with shell & tube type condenser for proper condensation & complete oil recovery.
  • Distillation unit constructed of Stainless Steel grade-304 having excellent corrosion resistance properties for high quality essential oil conforming to organic processing requirements.
  • Furnace made of Stainless Steel grade-310 specially designed for high temperature operations thus giving a longer life to the unit.
  • Provided with an inbuilt MS chimney for better air draft to the furnace and preventing pollution at work place.
  • Unit designed having double walled air insulation system to prevent heating of the trolley and with baffle plates to prevent heat damage to the trolley tires.


     Technology Package:
CSIR-CIMAP offers a complete technology package for setting up of improved distillation units for essential oils. The technical know-how / consultancy package includes designing, fabrication, installation and commissioning of the unit with trial runs and training to operators.


Director
CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants,
P.O-CIMAP,Near Kukrail Picnic Spot
Lucknow-226015
Ph: 91-522-2718505
Fax: 91-522-2716141
Email: director[at]cimap[dot]res[dot]in











Copyright © 2022 CSIR-CIMAP. All rights reserved