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Department of Plant Pathology,
Central Institute of
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP),
Lucknow -226015 (Uttar Pradesh) India.


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Current Research Interests:  

1. Plant Molecular Virology

2. Biological and molecular characterization of plant viruses

3. Plant virus diagnostics

Educational Record:  

Degree           Subjects                                Year                      Institution/University
M. Sc.             Botany (Plant Pathology)         1984                      A.M.U. Aligarh
M. Phil             Botany (Plant Pathology)        1985                      A.M.U. Aligarh
Ph.D                Botany (Plant Pathology)        1988                      A.M.U. Aligarh

Research Experiance  


25 years (1992 –till date)

Plant pathology lab. CIMAP, Lucknow 

Nature of work

Biological, serological and molecular identification of viruses affecting Medicinal, ornamental and other commercially Important plants.

Molecular biology of RNA and DNA plant viral genomes and identification of various genes and determination of their Functions.

Molecular identification of Phytoplasma infecting crop and Non-crop species.

Development of diagnostic systems: ISEM, ELISA, Western blot immunoassay, Nucleic acid spot hybridization (NASH) tests and RT-PCR/PCR for reliable detection of viruses and phytoplasma infecting crop plants.



Career and Positions Held:  
Laboratory/Institution                                 Duration                 Position held

Plant pathology lab. CIMAP, Lucknow                1992 – 1997            Scientist – C
Plant pathology lab. CIMAP, Lucknow                1997 –2001             Scientist – E (I)
Plant pathology lab. CIMAP, Lucknow                2001- 2007              Scientist – E (II)
Plant pathology lab. CIMAP, Lucknow                2007- 2013              Scientist – F/S.Principal Scientist
Plant pathology lab. CIMAP, Lucknow                2013-Till date           Scientist –G/Chief Scientist


Post Doctoral CIES Fellow (French Govt) with Prof. J. C. Thouvenel, at ORSTOM/IIRSDA. During 1988 –1989

Awards and Recognition  

CSIR Technology Award – 1999 in Biological Sciences for the development of superior menthol mint (Mentha arvensis L.) varieties Himalaya and Kosi

Details of Professional Training:  

Advanced training course on purification and characterization of plant pathogenic viruses (potyviruses) sponsored by French Govt. (CIES-Paris) in an International French Institute, International Institut de Recherches Scientifique pour la Development a Adiopodoume

(IIRSDA/ORSTOM) during October 1988 – October 1989 with Prof. Jean-Claude Thouvenel.

Attended National Workshop of 'Radiochemistry and Application of Radioisotopes' organized by Indian association of Nuclear Chemists and Allied Scientists (INCAS/BARC) Bombay and Lucknow University during 8th to 30th January 1996 at Lucknow University.

Attended Department of Biotechnology (DBT) sponsored training on 'Biochemical and Immunological Techniques for Identification and Detection of Plant Viruses from 19th August to 7th September 1996 at S. V. University, Tirupati.

Attended a short-term course on molecular methods for diagnosis of plant pathogens, sponsored by ICAR, at IIHR, Bangalore, 16 – 25 September 2002.

Attended International workshop and training programme on Detection Methods for GM Plants/Foods, ITRC, Lucknow, October 15 – 17 2003.


Project Completed as PI
Molecular, epidemiological and diversity analysis of Begomovirus (es) of Mentha towards develop- ment of diagnostics for better management. Sponsored by DBT and completed in 2014.

Projects running as Co-PI
Details of Total Grant Received: For the next three years (upto 2019-20).
I. GAP-340: Total Grant sanctioned: Rs. 27.45 Lakhs (Rs. 11.80 lakhs received for the first year) NMPB sponsored entitled "Identification of Swertia chirayita genotype(s)/strain(s) performing well under lower Himalayan altitude of Uttarakhand" As an Investigator.

II. GAP-356: Total Grant sanctioned: Rs. 27.954 Lakhs (Rs. 10.50 lakhs received for the first year) NMPB sponsored entitled "Conservation and genetic improvement of Prishnparni (Uraria picta)-a critically endangered Dashmool drug". As Co-PI

III. GAP-363: Total Grant sanctioned: Rs. 40.02 Lakhs (Rs. 6.0 lakhs received for the equipment in the first year) DST sponsored entitled "Vindoline enhancing strategies and relevant gene prospecting in important medicinal plant Catharanthus roseus" As Co-PI

Patents Granted  

1. An international patent awarded on "A novel Streptomyces strain with potential antimicrobial activity against phytopathogenic fungi" (US patent no. 6558940, May 6, 2003)

2. An international patent awarded on "Method of producing a poppy plant". (US patent no. 6534696, March 18, 2003)

3. An international patent awarded on "Strain of Bacillus as a bioinoculant" (US patent no. 7,211,428, May 01, 2007)

Scientific Contributions  

Ph. D. Thesis Supervised:

Awarded: 2
Likely to be submitted: 2
Pursuing: 2

Research Publications : Paper Published: 70

Seminar/symposia Attended : (National & International) 62

Books : one 

 Research Papers:

Current Membership of Professional Societies:

Life Member, National Academy of Sciences of India.

Life Member, Indian Virological Society.

Life Member, Indian Phytopathological Society.

Life Member, Indian Science Congress Association.

Life Member,, Association of Plant Pathologists of India.

Life Member,, Society of Mycology & Plant Pathology.

Member, American Phtopathological Society, USA.

List of five year recent Research publications:


Asifa Khan and A. Samad (2016). Molecular and biological characterization of begomoviruses infecting Andrographis paniculata and their genetic recombination lineage. Europ. J Plant Pathol. 146 (1), 177-189 IF 1.49 (Sept. 2016)

Asifa Khan, Pooja Sharma, Feroz Khan, P. V. Ajayakumar, Karuna Shanker and Abdul Samad (2016). In silico and in vitro studies on begomovirus induced andrographolide biosynthesis pathway in Andrographis paniculata for combating inflammation and cancer. Mol. Inf. 35: 253-261 (DOI: 10.1002/minf.201501010). IF 2015- 1.647 (July 2016)

Asifa Khan, Suaib Luqman, Nusrat Masood, Dhananjay Kumar Singh,Sana Tabanda Saeed, Abdul Samad. (2016). Eclipta yellow vein virus enhances chlorophyll destruction, singlet oxygen production and alters endogenous redox status in Andrographis paniculata. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 104, 165-173. July 2016-IF 2.76

Saroj, A, R.Maurya, AK Srivastava, A. Samad,and C.S.Chanotiya (2016). First Report of Glycyrrhiza glabra Root Rot and Collar Rot Caused by Binucleate Rhizoctonia (BNR) AG-A from India. Plant Dis. 100 (8): 1782 (I.F.3.2). (Aug. 2016)

Saeed S. T. and A. Samad (2016). First Detection of a Monopartite Tomato leaf curl Patna virus Infecting Mentha piperita in India. Plant Dis. 100 (11): 2340 (I.F.3.2). (Nov. 2016)


Arvind Saroj, V.S. Pragadheesh, Palanivelu, Anju Yadav, S.C. Singh, A. Samad, A.S. Negi, C.S. Chanotiya. (2015) Anti-phytopathogenic activity of Syzygium cumini essential oil, hydrocarbon fractions and its novel constituents Industrial Crops and Products, 74, 327– 335. (I.F. 3.2).

Seema Dharni, Sanchita, SreeKuttan M. Unni, Sreekumar Kurungot, A. Samad, Ashok Sharma and Dharani Dhar Patra. 2015 In vitro and in silico antifungal efficacy of nitrogen-doped carbon nanohorn (NCNH) against Rhizoctonia solani. Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, (I.F. 2.98)

A. Khan ,S T Saeed and A. Samad (2015) New Record of Catharanthus Yellow Mosaic Virus and a Betasatellite Associated with Lethal Leaf Yellowing of Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata) in Northern India. Plant Dis. 99:292. (I.F.3.2).


Seema Dharni, Sanchita Gupta, Anupam Maurya, Abdul Samad, Santosh Kumar Srivastava, Ashok Sharma, and Dharani Dhar Patra. 2014 Purification, Characterization and In vitro Activity of 2, 4-di-tert-butylphenol from Pseudomonas monteilii PsF84: Conformational and Molecular Docking Studies. J. Agric. Food Chem., DOI: 10.1021/jf5001138 (I.F. 2.906).Publication Date (Web): June 17, 2014

Seema Dharni, Atul Kumar Srivastava, Abdul Samad, Dharani Dhar Patra. 2014 Impact of plant growth promoting Pseudomo-nas monteilii PsF84 and Pseudomonas plecoglossicida PsF610 on metal uptake and production of seconddary metabolite (monoterpenes) by rose-scentedgeranium (Pelargonium graveo-lens cv. bourbon) grown on tannery sludge amended soil. Chemosphere, 117: 433-39. (IF 3.50).

Saeed, S.T. , A. Khan, B. Kumar, P. V. Ajayakumar, and A. Samad (2014) First Report of Chilli leaf curl India virus Infecting Mentha spicata (Neera) in India. Plant Dis. 98, 164. (I.F. 3.2).

Kumar,B. Ashutosh K. Shukla and A. Samad. 2014 Development and charact-erization of the menthofuran-rich inter-specific hybrid peppermint variety CIMAP-Patra Mol Breeding, 34: 717–724. (I.F. 3.25


A. Samad, S. Panda, Mahesh K. Gupta, P. V. Ajayakumar & Ashutosh K. Shukla. 2011 Molecular identification of a phytoplasma associated with Ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi) in India. Eur J Plant Pathol. 130:1-4. (IF 1.5)

Seema Dharni, Sanchita, Abdul Samad, Ashok Sharma, and Dharani Dhar Patra. 2014 The Interaction Pattern between a Homology Model of 40S Ribosomal S9 Protein of Rhizoctonia solani and1-Hydroxyphenaize by Docking Study. BioMed Research Inter- national Volume 2014, Article ID 682946, 6 pages. (I.F. 2.88).


Ajaya kumar,PV,D.Chanda, A., Pal., M.P. Singh and A. Samad (2012) FT-NIR spectroscopy for rapid and simple determination of nimesulide in rabbit plasma for pharmacokinetic analysis. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 58: 157–162. (IF 2.723)